Jeff Koons’s work embraces all the media, including photography, painting, sculpture and installation. He is the artist who, at the turn of this century, recreated the marvellously standardised aesthetics of popular culture. At first sight his works seem to be imbued with remarkable visual clarity, but they also develop the complex principles that Koons calls “a biological narrative”. For the Biennale Jeff Koons is exhibiting a work comprising two paintings and a sculpture, which are a particularly fine illustration of this biological chain. The picture of Venus, goddess of love is central. Several layers of images and interpretations referencing Classical and contemporary themes are overlaid in his pictures. The combination of anartistic vocabulary, borrowed, discovered or founddelineates a genealogy of works and artists, periods and styles. The references to children’s drawings and to Dali, who was himself inspired by the folded sheet of Raphaël Peale’s Venus Rising from the Sea, create an infinite chain of inter-responding meanings. The same effect is at work in the Delos with Eros group, where Aphrodite, played by actress Gretchen Molsits astride a dolphin in a three-way reference to mythology, sexuality and culture (e.g. Betty Page). The reference to the Palaeolithic era sculpture of the Venus of Willendorf rounds off the never-ending cycle of a fertility symbol that runs through all human history.